Healthy Living made simple.

Understanding diabetes

The choices you make every day can prevent or delay the onset of type 2 diabetes. Check your risks at this free screening at Sam’s Club®. The screening will include glucose, A1C tests** (which are taken through a simple finger prick), BMI and blood pressure tests.†

  • Glucose: Measures how much sugar is in the blood and can help diagnose diabetes, as well as monitor it.
  • A1C: This test shows your average blood sugar level for the past two to three months.
  • Body Mass Index (BMI): Uses a person’s weight and height to calculate how much body fat they have and whether their range is at a healthy level.
  • Blood Pressure: Determines whether blood pressure is high or low by measuring the maximum pressure exerted when the heart contracts. High blood pressure can be linked to heart attacks, stroke and kidney failure.

Sam’s Club offers solutions that put you on the path to a healthier lifestyle. Visit our Pharmacy to learn more about our free health screenings.

Pre-diabetes: early detection

Pre-diabetes is the state that occurs when a person's blood glucose levels are higher than normal, but not high enough for a diagnosis of diabetes. Doctors can use one of two simple tests that require you to fast overnight. Your insurance may even cover these tests. If you're overweight and age 45 or older, you should be checked for pre-diabetes during your next routine medical office visit. If your weight is normal and you're over age 45, you should ask your doctor during a routine office visit if testing is appropriate. If you're younger than 45 and overweight, your doctor may recommend testing if you have any other risk factors for diabetes (as described above) or pre-diabetes.

Understanding Diabetes: the 3 types of diabetes and who is at risk

There are no guarantees, of course, but there’s a good chance that you can live diabetes-free. Arm yourself with information on the three types of diabetes, visit your doctor regularly and implement simple changes in your lifestyle now to help live happier and healthier.

Type 1 Diabetes:

  • Approximately 5 –10 % of people with diabetes have type 1, and it occurs most often in children and young adults, often due to genetic or environmental factors.
  • When the insulin-producing cells in the pancreas are damaged or destroyed by a person’s immune system, the amount of insulin that person is able to make diminishes.

Type 2 Diabetes:

  • Approximately 90 –95 % of people with diabetes have type 2.
  • When a person’s body doesn’t produce enough insulin, or when the body stops responding to the insulin being produced, type 2 can occur.
  • It can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, obesity, older age and ethnic background.

Gestational Diabetes:

  • Approximately 3 –8% of pregnant women develop gestational diabetes due to changing hormones, making it more difficult for insulin to work effectively. Gestational Diabetes commonly goes away after the baby is born, but there is a risk for developing type 2 diabetes later in life.

Diabetes Prevention:

Following a healthy eating program, getting and staying active and maintaining an appropriate weight, can all help in preventing or controlling type 2 diabetes.
Some practical solutions are:

  • Cut back on calories and fat. For example, replace that bowl of ice cream with fresh fruit.
  • Be physically active most days of the week. If you have been inactive, start by making small changes, such as taking a 15-minute walk during lunchtime at least three days a week.
  • Eat a low-carb, sensible breakfast every day.
  • Keep records of your weight, what you eat and drink, and how you stay active.

* For informational purposes only. Not intended as health or nutritional advice. For more information please contact your health care specialist or nutritionist.

** Limited quantities, available while supplies last.

† Screenings conducted by CIA Health Screening™; may vary by Club.

©2011 All rights reserved by INTEGRATED MARKETING SERVICES, Apopka, FL.

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